Yo-Yo Test

  • In his interaction with fitness experts and influencers, Prime Minister asked India cricket captain Virat Kohli about the yo-yo test, that is a vital part of the Indian cricket team’s fitness routine.

       So what is the yo-yo test that Modi and Kohli discussed during their interaction?

  • The test was developed by Danish football physiologist Jens Bangsbo.
  • Two cones are placed 20 meters apart, and the athlete has to run between them when the beep goes off.
  • The beeps become more frequent after one minute, and if the athlete fails to reach the line within that time, he is expected to catch up within two more beeps.
  • The test is stopped if the player fails to catch up before the beeps run out.
  • The test has a beginner and an advanced level, and players are given scores.
  • The minimum score set by the Board of Control for Cricket in India to pass the test is 16.1.

       Is it a fool-proof system?

  • No, it does have some limitations.
  • The workload of a player can also affect the outcome.
  • So, someone who is tested after a heavy season might struggle while a player who is fresher could easily pass.
  • Also, yo-yo tests are good for generic movement analysis.
  • Different players respond differently based on their metabolism and lung capacity.
  • Cricket, however, needs skill sets such as hand-eye coordination, footwork, body balance, upper and lower body strength, reflexes, how you maintain balance with head position, etc. — the yo-yo test isn’t a great indicator of where a player stands.

       How is it used in other sports?

  • The par pass score is higher in hockey and football.
  • But it isn’t the sole criterion for selection; the test is a mere indicator of the player’s fitness levels.